Automated testing tools are capable of executing tests, reporting outcomes and comparing results with earlier test runs. Tests carried out with these tools can be run repeatedly, at any time of day. The method or process being used to implement automation is called a test automation framework. Automatic Testing is a method to test the system-under-test (SUT) and to verify its features, by software capabilities. it is a programmable software system or platform which we use it to test other software products. One of the most known features of the automatic testing tool is Record & Play, which gives you the ability to record events and actions on your desktop and convert them into a script which you can ‘play’ later on.
Basically, Manual Testing requires the human interaction and performed by a human sitting in front of a computer carefully going through application screens, trying various usage and input combinations, comparing the results to the expected behavior and recording their observations. Manual testing is the repetitive task as sometimes the change in code and regression testing is required and it mainly depends on Development Cycle. An automation testing tool is able to playback pre-recorded and predefined actions, compare the results to the expected behavior and report the success or failure of these manual tests to a test engineer. Once automated test scripts are prepared it can be easily executed, repeated and can be extended to perform complex tasks which can’t be done by manual testing.
The main benefits of automation are:
- Increased throughput or productivity.
- Improved quality or increased predictability of quality.
- Improved robustness (consistency), of processes or product.
- Increased consistency of output.
- Reduced direct human labor costs and expenses.
Here are some of the Most known Automatic Testing Frameworks:
1.Selenium WebDriver (Selenium 3)
From SeleniumHQ – Selenium is a set of different software tools each with a different approach to supporting test automation. Most Selenium QA Engineers focus on the one or two tools that most meet the needs of their project, however learning all the tools will give you many different options for approaching different test automation problems. Being one of the most popular automated testing tools for WEB on different platforms, Selenium has support from some browsers that make Selenium a native part of their browser.
- Selenium is pure open source, freeware and portable tool.
- Selenium supports many operating systems like Windows, Macintosh, Linux, Unix etc.
- Selenium supports many browsers like Internet Explorer, Chrome, Firefox, Opera, Safari etc.
- Selenium can be integrated with ANT or Maven kind of framework for source code compilation.
More about Selenium WebDriver
From Wikipedia – “Watir (Web Application Testing in Ruby, pronounced water), is an open-source family of Ruby libraries for automating web browsers. It drives Internet Explorer, Firefox, Chrome, Opera and Safari, and is available as a RubyGems gem. Watir was primarily developed by Bret Pettichord and Paul Rogers.”
Like Selenium Watir is also used for automating the Web applications and also an open source tool. It has open source library of Ruby in Github. Watir mainly focuses on automating the browser and the tests in Watir are also easy to maintain. Unlike testing tools based on the HTTP protocol that simulates browser requests, Watir simulates user interaction with the browser using the OLE protocol, which is based on the COM architecture. Watir is the best tool when you are automating the Internet Explorer as it works on Ruby and supporting the OLE.
- Tests any language-based web application
- Cross-browser testing
- Compatible with business-driven development tools like RSpec, Cucumber, and Test/Unit
- Tests web page’s buttons, forms, links, and their responses
More about Watir
From Wikipedia – SoapUI is an open-source web service testing application for service-oriented architectures (SOA) and representational state transfers (REST).
SoapUI is the market leader in API Testing. You can do functional, load, security and compliance tests on your API using SoapUI. It’s a cross platform tool, it’s created for automatically based to test the interface. SOAP is built on Java platform completely and as UI it uses Swing. SoapUI also supports IDEA, Eclipse, and NetBeans. SoapUI can test SOAP and REST web services, JMS, AMF, as well as make any HTTP(S) and JDBC calls. buttons, forms, links, and their responses.
- User-Friendly GUI
- Easy for Functional Testing
- Vulnerability Testing
- Load Testing using LoadUI (From the makers of SoapUI comes LoadUI, a Performance Load Testing tool for APIs & Web Services. )
- Automation with Groovy
More about SoapUI
From Wikipedia – JUnit is a unit testing framework for the Java programming language. JUnit has been important in the development of test-driven development and is one of a family of unit testing frameworks which are collectively known as xUnit that originated with SUnit.
JUnit is a unit testing framework for the Java programming language. JUnit has been important in the development of test-driven development and is one of a family of unit testing frameworks which are collectively known as xUnit that originated with SUnit.
This testing framework using for testing applications written in Java and help to easy design repeatable tests. A research survey performed in 2013 across 10,000 Java projects hosted on A research survey performed in 2013 across 10,000 Java projects hosted on GitHub found that JUnit was the most commonly included external library. Each library was used by 30.7% of projects.
- Simple framework for writing automated, self-verifying unit tests in Java
- Test Assertions supported.
- Better ways to develop test suites.
- Quick test reporting
More about JUnit
TestNG is also for the Java programming language application. This testing framework was inspired by JUnit and NUnit and so sometimes TestNG called Test Next Generation.
TestNG was created to cover multiple types of tests, such as unit, functional, end-to-end and integration tests. Initially, it was designed only for the Unit Testing replacing JUnit, but now it is used in all types of testing. Eliminating most of the limitations of the older framework, TestNG gives the developer the ability to write more flexible and powerful tests. As it heavily borrows from Java Annotations (introduced with JDK 5.0) to define tests, it can also show you how to use this new feature of the Java language in a real production environment.
- Annotation supports.
- Parameterizing support and Data Driven testing support.
- Support for multiple instances of the same test class.
- Flexible execution model. TestNG can be run either by Ant via build.xml, or by an IDE plugin with visual results. There isn’t a TestSuite class, while test suites, groups, and tests selected to run are defined and configured by XML files.
- Concurrent testing: run tests in arbitrarily big thread pools with various policies available, and test whether the code is multithread safe.
- Dependent methods for application server testing.
- Parallel testing: allows distribution of tests on slave machines.
More about TestNG
Other than above, there also many other automation testing tools are available in the market for testing. There are also licensed tools available in the market, but the tool choice only depends on you with your requirements. I hope above list of tools will surely help you for making the best tool selection.